Oxfam is now warning the drought in east africa, where nearly 11 million people are already affected by food shortages, is threatening to become a humanitarian catastrophe. A climate phenomenon known as the indian nino is causing frequent and intense droughts in parts of east africa. Between july 2011 and mid-2012, a severe drought affected the entire east africa region said to be the worst in 60 years, the drought caused a severe food crisis across somalia, djibouti, ethiopia and kenya that threatened the livelihood of 95 million people. Poor rains during the southern africa monsoon (october through may) have led to extensive drought across mozambique, zambia, zimbabwe, south africa and southern madagascar the dismal rainy season thus far has destroyed crops, killed livestock, and even led to blackouts. An expert on climate conditions in east africa describes the climate factors behind the 2011 drought, which has contributed to food insecurity and famine brad lyon is a research scientist with the international research institute for climate and society.
More than 36 million people face hunger across southern and eastern africa, the united nations has warned, as swaths of the continent grapple with the worst drought in decades at a time of record. Drought is among the most devastating of natural hazards - crippling food production, depleting pastures, disrupting markets, and, at its most extreme, causing widespread human and animal deaths. A persistent drought caused by the el nino weather phenomena is causing hunger and suffering for millions living near the east coast of africa catastrophic images of whole herds of animals dying.
East africa is about as far from the central pacific ocean as a person can get without leaving the planet and yet, as the pacific chills, drought grips east africa in classic la niña style. Global drought information system wwwdroughtgov us | na | global contact us. In 2011 a powerful drought gripped east africa the failure of both the 2010 fall rains and the 2011 spring rains caused a drought that, stacked on an already unstable political climate, caused a.
The horn of africa is experiencing one of the worst hunger crises in recent times due to a prolonged drought the current drought is worse in a number of ways than in 2011, with some areas. East africa or eastern africa is the eastern region of the african continent, variably defined by geographyin the united nations statistics division scheme of geographic regions, 20 territories make up eastern africa. The horn of africa is facing its third consecutive year of drought causing thirst and hunger, decimating livestock, destroying livelihoods, spreading disease and triggering large scale population move.
Drought crisis in east africa: disaster response east africa is currently experiencing the worst drought to hit the region in 60 years the un has officially declared famine in parts of southern somalia—regions of lower shabelle and southern bakool. Across east africa, food insecurity persists due to a combination of factors, including conflict, drought-recovery in the eastern horn, and previous and ongoing flooding, which despite crop losses and other damages, has led to some better production prospects. Drought has plunged east africa into the worst food security crisis africa has faced in 20 years more than 115 million people are currently in need of food aid in djibouti, kenya, somalia, and ethiopia.
The drought in eastern africa is causing many conflicts and death due to lack of food and water meaning of drought for most of the history of our species we were helpless to understand how nature works. Drought in east africa is certainly not new the cyclical nature of drought in this part of the world means it's important to look at the long term causes and how. As the grim specter of drought raises its head once again in east africa, compounding a raft of other political and economic problems in the region, the eu needs to find new ways of bringing about stability in that part of the world if it wants to halt the tides of refugees that continue to land on. If the current drought in the east africa brings a sense of déjà vu, it's because we've been here before - several times this is a region where the global forces of climate change, forced migration, and volatile food supply converge, resulting in severe hunger and, at worst, famine.
While this el nino has brought drier conditions to southern africa and wetter ones to east africa, ethiopia has also been hit by its worst drought in 30 years. With east africa facing its worst drought in 60 years, affecting more than 11 million people, the united nations has declared a famine in the region for the first time in a generation.
Recorded throughout several west africa countries, with the highest positive anomalies concentrated throughout eastern senegal, southern mali, guinea, liberia and sierra leone ( figure 2 . Global famine millions around the world are facing starvation in countries gripped by conflict and drought the international rescue committee is fighting against the clock to save lives. A serious drought has been developing across eastern africa since early last year, placing millions of people in danger of starvation.