Combating prostate cancer in the african american community introduction in the us, cancer is the second leading cause of death among men many people are frequently diagnosed with cancer. Prostate cancer and psa testing essay - introduction prostate cancer (pca) is the most common cancer affecting men and the second leading cause of cancer death among american men (qaseem, denberg, owens, & shekelle, 2013. African american men unfortunately have the highest incidence of disease rates and are close to 25 times more likely to die from prostate cancer when compared to caucasian men (american cancer society, 2013.
African-american men are affected by prostate cancer at a disproportional level than all other men they are diagnosed up to 65% more frequently and the mortality rate is twice that of caucasian counterparts (emerson, 2009. Prostate cancer can happen to any man but is most common in older men, men with a family history of prostate cancer and most especially in african-american men (cdc wonder , 2013. Cancer of the prostate has become the number one cancer in american men in the united states, approximately 1 in every 11 men will develop prostate cancer during his lifetime prostate cancer becomes increasingly common with each decade of life.
African american men, and men who have a father, brother, or son with prostate cancer, should discuss with their doctor the need for an annual dre and psa test starting in their 40s. African-american men with advanced prostate cancer might be more responsive than white men to an anti-androgen drug and steroids, according to a study led by duke cancer institute researchers. This includes african americans and men who have a first-degree relative (father, brother, or son) diagnosed with prostate cancer at an early age (younger than age 65) age 40 for men at even higher risk (those with more than one first-degree relative who had prostate cancer at an early age. Prostate cancer kills african-american men at a rate that is 24 times that for white men despite this, african americans, and black men worldwide, are underrepresented in important medical research to find treatments and as patients to help save their lives.
The intercultural cancer council website stated that prostate cancer affects 37% of african american men (baylor college of medicine, 2007) it was also stated that the percentage rate of men afflicted with prostate cancer is relatively higher in europe and in north america, as compared to asia, africa, and south america. Prostate cancer is, aside from skin cancer, the most common cancer diagnosed in american men hundreds of thousands of men are diagnosed with the disease every year, and statistically about 1 out. The prostate continues to grow with age, and in older men it can sometimes lead to prostate cancer (acs 2006) prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men besides skin cancer the american cancer society has predicted that there will be 234, 460 new cases of prostate cancer in 2006 and of those diagnosed 27,350 will die as a direct.
Prostate cancer is the third most common cause of death due to cancer in american men of all ages and the most common cause of death for men over the age of 75 prostate cancer is rarely found in men younger than age 40. Understanding why african-american men are more likely to be diagnosed with aggressive prostate cancer than men of other racial and ethnic groups is a critical, unanswered question in cancer. In comparison to other populations, the incidence of prostate cancer in african-americans stands in stark contrast to the incidence in white americans with 150 cases per 100,000 and among men in western europe, 396 cases per 100,000, japan, 85 cases per 100,000, and china, 11 cases per 100,000 (2.
African american men have, by far, the highest incidence of the disease: they are roughly 16 times more likely to develop prostate cancer than whites and 26 times more likely than asian americans the gap in mortality rates is even more dramatic — african americans are more than twice as likely to die of prostate cancer as whites and about. Five-year relative survival rates are lower for african-american men (962 percent during 2002 to 2008) than for white men (996 percent during 2002 to 2008) the causes of higher rates of prostate cancer among african-american males are largely unknown. Hence, this study that this research seeks is the effect of coffee consumption on prostate cancer aggressiveness among biracial population, african-american (aa) and caucasian-american (ca) it studies whether coffee consumption can reduce the aggressiveness of prostate cancer among these races (arab et al, 2011.