The rules governing half-secret trusts appear to be the same as those for fully secret trusts except in one important aspect the trusts arising under a fully secret trust may be communicated to the trustees any time before the property vests in them, ie, at any time before the death of the testator. The rules of the secret trusts inspection of the will reveals nothing about the existence of a secret trust and no details about the beneficiaryâ€™s identity in the case of a half secret trust in a secret trust the testator tells the legatee that he is a secret trustee and what he must do with the property ottaway v norman  [1. Secret trusts essay as the main topic of universities essay with one tailed hypothesis testing so far as it essay secret trusts inevitably will, so new pressures for achieving stage specific outcomes of child psychology: vol history, theory, and political reason. So we're now talking about secret trusts the name 'secret trust' is derived from the fact that there is an intention to create a trust but that intention is a secret one that intention hasn't been expressed to the world through the terms of the will.
Secret trust evolved as a response act to the wills act 1837 and was originally created to prevent fraud as the house of lords held that equity will not allow a statute to be used as an instrument of fraud by the secret trustee. Secret trusts - distinction: fully & half secret trusts secret trusts are separated into two categories: fully secret and half secret trusts generally, a fully secret trust arises where a testator appears to give another person a gift absolutely under his will, but that person has agreed to hold the gift on trust for another. Mcdonald & street: equity & trusts law concentrate 4e chapter 8: outline answers to essay questions the fraud theory cannot justify a secret trust as they are in themselves a fraud on the requirements of the wills act 1837. The development of secret and half-secret trusts permits a testator to overcome the public and formal requirements and implications associated with the will the possibility and opportunity for fraud has led some critics to question the jurisprudential or doctrinal justification for the legality of a secret and half-secret trust.
In english law, secret trusts are a class of trust defined as an arrangement between a testator and a trustee, made to come into force after death,. Secret trusts and half secret trusts essay fully secret trust and half secret trust can be explained using either the 'fraud theory' or the 'dehors the will' theory but whichever theoretical explanation is chosen the issue is largely academic, for in no practical sense does it ever matter which basis is used. Trusts - lexisnexis 3) different result in secret trust and semi-secret trust cases the barbri technique for writing a well-organized essay answer is to (i) nbsp essay the nature of express trusts - alastair hudson 39s was the original version of the essay constituting chapter 7 of equity .
Secret trusts (essay) equity and trust exam notes written from textbooks and lectures for secret trusts essays formatted to be memorised and contains all the necessary information to achieve a 2:1 or 1st on the exam. Secret trust essay differences between highschool and college essay keys analogy and related devices essay the american civil rights movement essays (hiv aids. This essay has been submitted by a law student this is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers examining wills secret trusts and fraud. Viscount sumner in blackwell v blackwell  however did find that these trusts were valid, in spite of this statute: the above excerpt, from the dicta of viscount sumner in blackwell v blackwell, argues that the enforcement of a semi-secret trust does not in fact contravene the aforesaid statutory provision.
For in upholding secret trusts, the courts are allowing trusts to bind after-acquired property, and under the normal rules of trusts it is impossible to declare an immediate trust of future property, or a trust which binds such property as and when it is received. The alternative justification for fully secret trusts is the dehors theory, which essentially argues that a fully secret trust can lawfully exist - despite the wills act - because fully secret trusts are not a testamentary disposition, they are outside of a will and are therefore not classifiable under s 1 of the wills act 1837. In the case of both fully secret and half secret trusts there is no evidence of acknowledgement that the secret trustee by bound by the terms of the trust in the case of fully secret trusts because the secret trustee is the beneficiary there is a wide scope for fraud as the trustee could claim that he would take of the gift absolutely. Secret trust assignment - january 2016 abstract this essay aims to address the core issues of the doctrine of secret trusts the underlying issue debated in this work is whether the secret trusts are dehors of the will, or whether their failure to comply with the wills act 1837 is rationalized for.
Secret trusts arise where a testator explains to x that they want property to be held on trust for y and then leaves the property to x in their will. In blackwell vs blackwell , re falkiner and re keen secret trust has three essential element that is intention to create trust, communication of the intention of secret trust to the secret trustee and acceptance of the trust by the secret trustee. A secret trust or half secret may take effect on the death of the testator without the need to specify terms of the trust in a will or reveal its existence secret trusts operate to prevent unconscionable behaviour on the part of the intended trustee, must be with good conscience.
True purpose of enforcing secret trust through my research i have identified some main issues and they are introduction of the topic, what is secret trust, types and purpose of the secret trust, enforcement of the secret trust, dehors theory, criticism of dehors theory, fraud theory and criticism and finally my opinion and conclusion. Open document below is an essay on secret trusts from anti essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Half-secret and fully secret trusts 'although half-secret and fully secret trusts appear to be juridically different, since one appears on the face of the will and the other does not, the better view is that they are not. Again, secret trusts are a perfectly sound illustration of the point of the question but precisely how they prevent a statute being an instrument of fraud is not explained instead there is just an example of a secret trust.